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North Atlantic   INDIAN OCEAN   North Pacific
Seas of the Mediterranean Basin RED SEA Arabian Sea Indo-Pacific
Photo of Decapoda Habitat
The Red Sea, the inland sea of ​​the Indian Ocean, connects with it in its southern part through the Bab el-Mandeb Strait and the Gulf of Aden. In the north, it connects with the Mediterranean Sea through the Suez Canal. Located between the northeastern edge of Africa and the Arabian Peninsula in the southwestern part of Asia. The area is 460 thousand km², the volume is 201 thousand km³. The maximum depth is 3039 m. The sea is significantly extended from northwest to southeast (length 1932 km, width up to 306 km). The shores are mostly flat, sandy, rocky in places. The coastline is weakly indented, the eastern and western coasts of the sea along their main length run almost parallel to each other. In the north, there are two large elongated bays - the Gulf of Suez and the Gulf of Aqaba, separated by the Sinai Peninsula.
The coastal area contains numerous small islands and coral reefs. There are few large islands in the northern part. South of 17 ° N. sh. there are Dakhlak, Farasan, Suakin, Khanish archipelagos. There are also separate islands.
The Red Sea is the saltiest sea in the World Ocean and the only body of water in the world to which not a single river flows. Average surface water temperatures in winter range from 22 ° C in the north to 26 ° C in the south. In summer, the average surface water temperature in the north is about 27 ° C, while in the south it can exceed 32 ° C. A small inflow of fresh water and intensive evaporation from the sea surface lead to increased salinity of water, which in the north reaches 42 ‰ (Gulf of Suez), the lowest average salinity of surface water is 37 ‰.
The fauna is characterized by great diversity and a relatively large number of endemic species.
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